On 19 February 2019, Dr Rebecca Brubaker along with her colleagues Professor Thomas Biersteker of the Graduate Institute, Geneva, and Dr David Lanz of swisspeace presented findings of their final report on UN Sanctions and Mediation: Establishing Evidence to Inform Policy.
The High-Level Roundtable was hosted by Ambassador Jürg Lauber, Permanent Representative of Switzerland at the UN in New York. It was attended by representatives of the Permanent Missions of Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Egypt, Finland, Germany, Poland, Russia, Sweden, Turkey and the US to the UN.
The report is based on an 18-month policy research project conducted between the three institutions, with joint teams of sanctions and mediation experts contributing eleven cases exploring “distinguishable episodes of conflict situations” in Afghanistan, Libya, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen to inform final findings and recommendations.
This event follows an earlier workshop at Greentree Estate in New York in November, which brought together selected member states, senior UN Secretariat officials, envoys and senior mediators, as well as prominent academics specializing on UN affairs. The three project managers presented their early findings and subsequent sessions focused on the implementation of such findings to distill practical recommendations.
The report concludes with twenty policy recommendations intended for the UN Security Council, UN sanctions committees, UN Secretariat, and senior UN mediators. The recommendations are focused on promoting complementarity and avoiding complication between UN sanctions and mediation. It also proffers five areas for further research.