On any given day in 2016, the latest year for which we have a reliable estimate, 40.3 million people were in situations of modern slavery or forced labour—or one in every 174 people alive —and 152 million children were victims of child labour. Urgent action is needed to address these problems. With Target 8.7 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), 193 countries pledged their commitment to take effective measures to eradicate modern slavery, human trafficking, forced labour and child labour.
But what are effective measures? What works to address these problems?
To answer these questions, the United Nations University Centre for Policy Research (UNU-CPR) created Delta 8.7 — an innovative project that helps policy actors understand and use data responsibly to inform policies that contribute to achieving Target 8.7. Delta 8.7 brings together the most useful data, evidence, research and news, analyses cutting-edge data, and helps people understand that data so it can be translated it into effective policy.
Delta 8.7—the Alliance 8.7 global knowledge platform — was established during Phase 1 of funding from the UK’s Modern Slavery Innovation Fund (MSIF). Phase 2 continues the development of Delta 8.7 making innovative use of computational technologies including the online knowledge platform, AI and machine learning, and data visualization to accelerate identification of “what works” to end modern slavery.
Through a public consultation of their Policy Guides process, the project aims to conduct a transparent and highly credible drafting process that combines rigorous scientific review and evidence with policy acumen. This includes convening three global expert working groups on Justice, Markets and Crisis.
Between April 2020 and March 2021, Delta 8.7 convened global expert Working Groups to produce policy guides on Justice, Crisis and Markets to assess the evidence base on “what works” to achieve Target 8.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals on effective measures to eradicate modern slavery, human trafficking, forced labour and child labour.
On 9-10 February 2022, Delta 8.7 convened a policy research workshop in partnership with the Refugee Law Project, Makerere University School of Law, and the Irish Centre for Human Rights at the School of Law, National University of Ireland – Galway. This workshop was held to facilitate exchange on the most effective measures to prevent, identify and remediate trafficking of persons in refugee and asylum-seeking populations in Uganda. This paper provides a summary of the research needs, best practices, and areas in which policy might be better instrumentalized to effectively address human trafficking in the context of refugee and asylum-seeking populations in Uganda.
On 15 December 2021, the United Nations University Centre for Policy Research project Delta 8.7 hosted a Country Policy Research Workshop. This fourth workshop focused on Ghana, bringing together policymakers from the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Protection; the Immigration Service, International Organization for Migration, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and UNICEF, as well as members of the private sector, civil society and researchers from Ghana and elsewhere for a closed-door discussion of “what works” to combat child labour in Ghana. This paper outlines the most pertinent recommendations, proposals, and questions raised in the discussions vis-à-vis the three broad themes identified above.
In response to COVID-19, governments across the world have been working with varying success to protect the vulnerable from the adverse effects of the pandemic. The number of measures adopted across countries worldwide since the onset of the pandemic is unprecedented. However, as countries have stepped up efforts to mitigate the effects of movement restrictions and job losses, COVID-19 has also exposed gaps in equities, with those most negatively affected by the crisis omitted from, or underserved by, social protection. Delta 8.7 undertook a cash transfer mapping exercise, specifically looking at the potential effectiveness of cash transfers to mitigate vulnerability to modern slavery. This consisted of desk-based research and interviews with policy actors and researchers from across three countries — Brazil, India, and Nigeria. Building on broader efforts to monitor and evaluate social protection measures taken at a national, regional, and global level during COVID-19, this project distinguishes itself by applying a modern slavery prevention lens to the use of cash transfers as a social protection measure.